Quotables: Christ and OT Scriptures


quotables

Every now and then I like posting something incisive that was written in the past because it speaks so well into the present. The sweet thing about this is that these guys, who are often waved away today, have dealt with a lot of the same issues while remaining simultaneously (by the modern mind) ignored.

The attitude of Christ to the Old Testament Scriptures must determine ours. He is God. He is truth. His is the final voice. He is the Supreme Judge. There is no appeal from that court. Christ Jesus the Lord believed and affirmed the historic veracity of the whole of the Old Testament writings implicitly (Luke 24:44). And the Canon, or collection of Books of the Old Testament, was precisely the same in Christ’s time as it is today. And further. Christ Jesus our Lord believed and emphatically affirmed the Mosaic authority of the Pentateuch (Matt. 5:17–18; Mark 12:26–36; Luke 16:31; John 5:46–47). That is true, the critics say. But, then, neither Christ nor His Apostles were critical scholars! Perhaps not in the twentieth century sense of the term. But, as a German scholar said, if they were not critici doctores, they were doctores veritatis who did not come into the world to fortify popular errors by their authority. But then they say, Christ’s knowledge as man was limited. He grew in knowledge (Luke 2:52). Surely that implies His ignorance. And if His ignorance, why not His ignorance with regard to the science of historical criticism? (Gore, Lux Mundi, page 360; Briggs, H. C. of Hexateuch, page 28.) Or even if He did know more than His age, He probably spoke as He did in accommodation with the ideas of His contemporaries! (Briggs, page 29.)

In fact, what they mean is practically that Jesus did know perfectly well that Moses did not write the Pentateuch, but allowed His disciples to believe that Moses did, and taught His disciples that Moses did, simply because He did not want to upset their simple faith in the whole of the Old Testament as the actual and authoritative and Divinely revealed Word of God. (See Driver, page 12.) Or else, that Jesus imagined, like any other Jew of His day, that Moses wrote the books that bear his name, and believed, with the childlike Jewish belief of His day, the literal inspiration, Divine authority and historic veracity of the Old Testament, and yet was completely mistaken, ignorant of the simplest facts, and wholly in error. In other words, He could not tell a forgery from an original, or a pious fiction from a genuine document. (The analogy of Jesus speaking of the sun rising as an instance of the theory of accommodation is a very different thing.)

This, then, is their position: Christ knew the views He taught were false, and yet taught them as truth. Or else, Christ didn’t know they were false and believed them to be true when they were not true. In either case the Blessed One is dethroned as True God and True Man. If He did not know the books to be spurious when they were spurious and the fables and myths to be mythical and fabulous; if He accepted legendary tales as trustworthy facts, then He was not and is not omniscient. He was not only intellectually fallible, He was morally fallible; for He was not true enough “to miss the ring of truth” in Deuteronomy and Daniel.

And further. If Jesus did know certain of the books to be lacking in genuineness, if not spurious and pseudonymous; if He did know the stories of the Fall and Lot and Abraham and Jonah and Daniel to be allegorical and imaginary, if not unverifiable and mythical, then He was neither trustworthy nor good. “If it were not so, I would have told you.” We feel, those of us who love and trust Him, that if these stories were not true, if these books were a mass of historical unveracities, if Abraham was an eponymous hero, if Joseph was an astral myth, that He would have told us so. It is a matter that concerned His honor as a Teacher as well as His knowledge as our God. As Canon Liddon has conclusively pointed out, if our Lord was unreliable in these historic and documentary matters of inferior value, how can He be followed as the teacher of doctrinal truth and the revealer of God? (John 3:12.) (Liddon, Divinity of Our Lord, pages 475–480.)

AFTER THE KENOSIS

Men say in this connection that part of the humiliation of Christ was His being touched with the infirmities of our human ignorance and fallibilities. They dwell upon the so-called doctrine of the Kenosis, or the emptying, as explaining satisfactorily His limitations. But Christ spoke of the Old Testament Scriptures after His resurrection. He affirmed after His glorious resurrection that “all things must be fulfilled which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the Psalms concerning Me” (Luke 24:44). This was not a statement made during the time of the Kenosis, when Christ was a mere boy, or a youth, or a mere Jew after the flesh (1 Cor. 13:11). It is the statement of Him Who has been declared the Son of God with power. It is the Voice that is final and overwhelming. The limitations of the Kenosis are all abandoned now, and yet the Risen Lord not only does not give a shadow of a hint that any statement in the Old Testament is inaccurate or that any portion thereof needed revision or correction, not only most solemnly declared that those books which we receive as the product of Moses were indeed the books of Moses, but authorized with His Divine imprimatur the whole of the Old Testament Scriptures from beginning to end.

The Fundamentals : The famous sourcebook of foundational biblical truths (1:34-36). THE HISTORY OF THE HIGHER CRITICISM BY CANON DYSON HAGUE, M. A.

(HT Jason Skipper)

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Major Themes of Scripture

On my iPhone (it’s really an iPod Touch but it’s annoying calling it an iPod Touch and it sounds slightly perverse calling it an iTouch and with the right applications and microphone it is essentially the same device sans camera so I’ll continue calling it an iPhone for any future posts though I don’t technically own one) I have a document that I reference when I’m out and about reading Scripture. It contains some themes that shoot right through Scripture, from beginning to end, and which all are tied up to the Gospel and eventually are the very things that God is culminating. Of course, the ideas aren’t original. My thinking was influenced by DA Carson, Dwight Pentacost, even John Piper and NT Wright (if you believe it).

In the list you might notice I’m missing some things like “Shepherd” or “Davidic King” but that’s because I think those tie into Man and his position under God. I didn’t mention Israel, though it is surely a major theme but I’ve subsumed it under People of God—but I don’t feel quite right about that. I might still put them under their own number—not sure.

I’ve noticed that some make a mistake of taking one of the themes of Scripture and making it the central focus of the Gospel (the good news). For example, NT Wright loves to make the Gospel all about the Kingdom. Piper loves to make the Gospel all about God (even has a book called God is the Gospel). So on. I think that to say the main theme of the Gospel is any one of these things is seriously mistaken and ignores the breadth of what God is accomplishing. Also, I think some would like to remove some of these things as being tied to the Gospel. So, one might argue that Creation is central to the Gospel and Sin is merely a side issue: that is mistaken. The Gospel necessarily deals with both of those (and other) things but I won’t argue the point beyond listing the themes from my iPhone here sans scripture:

  1. God (all that He implies)
  2. His Kingdom
  3. Creation
  4. Man (and his Position)
  5. Family
  6. Marriage / Relationship
  7. Sin
  8. Bondage (might bundle up with sin, possibly)
  9. Life – Healing – Salvation
  10. Death  – Sickness – Suffering
  11. Promise / Covenant
  12. Judgment
  13. Sacrifice  / Blood
  14. Atonement
  15. Holiness (and the levels Holy-Clean-Unclean-Profane)
  16. Light / Glory / Dark / Shadow
  17. Son
  18. Joy (Wine?)
  19. Love
  20. Temple / Tabernacle
  21. Rest
  22. Priesthood
  23. People of God
  24. Food / Eating (Bread)
  25. Word
  26. Water

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84 Day Bible Reading Plan

Last year I did a fairly expedited reading plan that was planned for 90 days but wound up taking longer. This year, I’ve set up an 84 Day reading plan which will push harder for an earlier completion but if I miss a day or two, it shouldn’t result in missing the 90 day read. I figure this way, I can read the Bible each quarter and allow me to do some of the deeper studies I’m normally accustomed to.

But there are others out there who might want to read along so I’ve included the plan for you. Last year I focused more on order of writing but this year I just wanted to get some solid reading done so it will consist of an Old Testament reading, a New Testament reading, some Proverbs and some Psalms, every day.

[ ] January 01, 2011 Gen 1-11; Matt 1-4; Ps 1-3; Prov 1:1-7
[ ] January 02, 2011 Gen 12-21; Matt 5-6; Ps 4-6; Prov 1:8-19
[ ] January 03, 2011 Gen 22-29; Matt 7-9; Ps 7-8; Prov 1:20-33
[ ] January 04, 2011 Gen 30-37; Matt 10-12; Ps 9-10; Prov 2:1-11
[ ] January 05, 2011 Gen 38-45; Matt 13-14; Ps 11-13; Prov 2:12-22
[ ] January 06, 2011 Gen 46-50; Matt 15-16; Ps 14-16; Prov 3:1-10
[ ] January 07, 2011 Exo 1-14; Matt 17-19; Ps 17:1-18:21; Prov 3:11-21
[ ] January 08, 2011 Exo 15-24; Matt 20-22; Ps 18:22-50; Prov 3:22-35
[ ] January 09, 2011 Exo 25-33; Matt 23-24; Ps 19-20; Prov 4:1-8
[ ] January 10, 2011 Exo 34-40; Matt 25; Ps 21-22; Prov 4:9-19
[ ] January 11, 2011 Lev 1-11; Matt 26-28; Ps 23-24; Prov 4:20-27
[ ] January 12, 2011 Lev 12-19; Mark 1-2; Ps 25-26; Prov 5:1-14
[ ] January 13, 2011 Lev 20-27; Mark 3-4; Ps 27-28; Prov 5:15-23
[ ] January 14, 2011 Num 1-6; Mark 5-6; Ps 29-30; Prov 6:1-12
[ ] January 15, 2011 Num 7-14; Mark 7-9; Ps 31-32; Prov 6:13-23
[ ] January 16, 2011 Num 15-22; Mark 10-11; Ps 33-34; Prov 6:24-35
[ ] January 17, 2011 Num 23-31; Mark 12:1-14:11; Ps 35; Prov 7:1-10
[ ] January 18, 2011 Num 32-36; Mark 14:12-16:20; Ps 36; Prov 7:11-21
[ ] January 19, 2011 Deut 1-12; Luke 1; Ps 37; Prov 7:22-27
[ ] January 20, 2011 Deut 13-24; Luke 2; Ps 38; Prov 8:1-16
[ ] January 21, 2011 Deut 25-34; Luke 3-5; Ps 39-40; Prov 8:17-27
[ ] January 22, 2011 Josh 1-10; Luke 6-7; Ps 41-43; Prov 8:28-36
[ ] January 23, 2011 Josh 11-19; Luke 8; Ps 44; Prov 9
[ ] January 24, 2011 Josh 20-24; Luke 9-10; Ps 45-47; Prov 10:1-5
[ ] January 25, 2011 Judg 1-14; Luke 11-12; Ps 48-49; Prov 10:6-16
[ ] January 26, 2011 Judg 15-21; Ruth 1-4; Luke 13-15; Ps 50; Prov 10:17-32
[ ] January 27, 2011 1 Sam 1-12; Luke 16-17; Ps 51-52; Prov 11:1-6
[ ] January 28, 2011 1 Sam 13-19; Luke 18-19; Ps 53-55; Prov 11:7-17
[ ] January 29, 2011 1 Sam 20-31; Luke 20-21; Ps 56-57; Prov 11:18-31
[ ] January 30, 2011 2 Sam 1-12; Luke 22-23; Ps 58-59; Prov 12:1-8
[ ] January 31, 2011 2 Sam 13-24; Luke 24; Ps 60-62; Prov 12:9-19
[ ] February 01, 2011 1 Kings 1-3; John 1-3; Ps 63-64; Prov 12:20-28
[ ] February 02, 2011 1 Kings 4-11; John 4-5; Ps 65-66; Prov 13:1-12
[ ] February 03, 2011 1 Kings 12-22; John 6; Ps 67:1-68:19; Prov 13:13-25
[ ] February 04, 2011 2 Kings 1-6; John 7-8; Ps 68:20-35; Prov 14:1-9
[ ] February 05, 2011 2 Kings 7-15; John 9-10; Ps 69-70; Prov 14:10-20
[ ] February 06, 2011 2 Kings 16-25; John 11-12; Ps 71; Prov 14:21-35
[ ] February 07, 2011 1 Chron 1-6; John 13-16; Ps 72-73; Prov 15:1-7
[ ] February 08, 2011 1 Chron 7-14; John 17-18; Ps 74; Prov 15:8-18
[ ] February 09, 2011 1 Chron 15-29; John 19-21; Ps 75-76; Prov 15:19-33
[ ] February 10, 2011 2 Chron 1-7; Acts 1-3; Ps 77; Prov 16:1-7
[ ] February 11, 2011 2 Chron 8-20; Acts 4-6; Ps 78:1-42; Prov 16:8-18
[ ] February 12, 2011 2 Chron 21-36; Acts 7-8; Ps 78:43-72; Prov 16:19-33
[ ] February 13, 2011 Ezra 1-10; Acts 9-10; Ps 79-80; Prov 17:1-6
[ ] February 14, 2011 Neh 1-6; Acts 11-13; Ps 81-82; Prov 17:7-17
[ ] February 15, 2011 Neh 7-13; Acts 14-15; Ps 83-84; Prov 17:18-28
[ ] February 16, 2011 Esther 1-10; Job 1-6; Acts 16-19; Ps 85-86; Prov 18:1-11
[ ] February 17, 2011 Job 7-18; Acts 20-21; Ps 87-88; Prov 18:12-24
[ ] February 18, 2011 Job 19-29; Acts 22-24; Ps 89:1-33; Prov 19:1-9
[ ] February 19, 2011 Job 30-38; Acts 25-27; Ps 89:34-90:17; Prov 19:10-20
[ ] February 20, 2011 Job 39-42; Ps 1-16; Acts 28; Ps 91-92; Prov 19:21-29
[ ] February 21, 2011 Ps 17-32; Rom 1-5; Ps 93-94; Prov 20:1-12
[ ] February 22, 2011 Ps 33-47; Rom 6-8; Ps 95-96; Prov 20:13-23
[ ] February 23, 2011 Ps 48-66; Rom 9-12; Ps 97-99; Prov 20:24-30
[ ] February 24, 2011 Ps 67-78; Rom 13-16; Ps 100-102; Prov 21:1-15
[ ] February 25, 2011 Ps 79-92; 1 Cor 1-4; Ps 103; Prov 21:16-31
[ ] February 26, 2011 Ps 93-106; 1 Cor 5-8; Ps 104; Prov 22:1-6
[ ] February 27, 2011 Ps 107:1-119:72; 1 Cor 9-11; Ps 105:1-22; Prov 22:7-17
[ ] February 28, 2011 Ps 119:73-137:9; 1 Cor 12-14; Ps 105:23-45; Prov 22:18-29
[ ] March 01, 2011 Ps 138-150; 1 Cor 15-16; Ps 106; Prov 23:1-10
[ ] March 02, 2011 Prov 1-13; 2 Cor 1-6; Ps 107:1-21; Prov 23:11-20
[ ] March 03, 2011 Prov 14-22; 2 Cor 7-13; Ps 107:22-108:13; Prov 23:21-35
[ ] March 04, 2011 Prov 23-31; Gal 1-2; Ps 109; Prov 24:1-7
[ ] March 05, 2011 Ecc 1-12; Song 1-8; Gal 3-6; Ps 110-112; Prov 24:8-18
[ ] March 06, 2011 Isa 1-10; Eph 1-4; Ps 113-115; Prov 24:19-34
[ ] March 07, 2011 Isa 11-27; Eph 5-6; Ps 116-117; Prov 25:1-6
[ ] March 08, 2011 Isa 28-40; Phil 1-4; Ps 118; Prov 25:7-17
[ ] March 09, 2011 Isa 41-52; Col 1-4; Ps 119:1-32; Prov 25:18-28
[ ] March 10, 2011 Isa 53-66; 1 Thess 1-5; 2 Thess 1-3; Ps 119:33-64; Prov 26:1-11
[ ] March 11, 2011 Jer 1-12; 1 Tim 1-6; Ps 119:65-96; Prov 26:12-21
[ ] March 12, 2011 Jer 13-24; 2 Tim 1-4; Ps 119:97-128; Prov 26:22-28
[ ] March 13, 2011 Jer 25-34; Titus 1-3; Philemon; Ps 119:129-160; Prov 27:1-15
[ ] March 14, 2011 Jer 35-47; Heb 1-6; Ps 119:161-120:7; Prov 27:16-27
[ ] March 15, 2011 Jer 48-52; Heb 7-10; Ps 121-124; Prov 28:1-10
[ ] March 16, 2011 Lam 1-5; Eze 1-10; Heb 11-13; Ps 125-129; Prov 28:11-21
[ ] March 17, 2011 Eze 11-20; James 1-5; Ps 130-132; Prov 28:22-28
[ ] March 18, 2011 Eze 21-29; 1 Pet 1-5; Ps 133-135; Prov 29:1-15
[ ] March 19, 2011 Eze 30-40; 2 Pet 1-3; Ps 136; Prov 29:16-27
[ ] March 20, 2011 Eze 41-48; 1 John 1-5; Ps 137-139; Prov 30:1-10
[ ] March 21, 2011 Dan 1-12; 2 John 1; 3 John 1; Jude 1; Ps 140-141; Prov 30:11-20
[ ] March 22, 2011 Hos 1-14; Rev 1-6; Ps 142-143; Prov 30:21-33
[ ] March 23, 2011 Joel 1-3; Amos 1-9; Obadiah 1; Jonah 1-4; Rev 7-12; Ps 144-145; Prov 31:1-9
[ ] March 24, 2011 Micah 1-7; Nah 1-3; Hab 1-3; Zeph 1-3; Haggai 1-2; Rev 13-18; Ps 146-147; Prov 31:10-20
[ ] March 25, 2011 Zech 1-14; Mal 1-4; Rev 19-22; Ps 148-150; Prov 31:21-31

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